Aspermia: A Review of Etiology and Treatment
International Archives of Urology and Complications
Publication Date / Copyright Date
Aspermia is the complete lack of semen with ejaculation, which is associated with infertility. Many different causes were reported such as infection, congenital disorder, medication, retrograde ejaculation, iatrogenic aspemia, and so on. The main treatments based on these etiologies include anti-infection, discontinuing medication, artificial inseminization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), in vitro fertilization, and reconstructive surgery. Some outcomes were promising even though the case number was limited in most studies. For men whose infertility is linked to genetic conditions, it is very difficult to predict the potential effects on their offspring. It is strongly recommended that assisted reproductive techniques should not be started until genetic screening results.
Medical Specialties | Medicine and Health Sciences | Osteopathic Medicine and Osteopathy
Xie, Donghua; Klopukh, Boris; Nehrenz, Guy Martin; and Gheiler, Edward, "Aspermia: A Review of Etiology and Treatment" (2017). Faculty Articles. 623.