Faculty Articles

Title

The use of oncolytic viruses to overcome lung cancer drug resistance.

ISBN or ISSN

1879-6257

Publication Title

Curr Opin Virol

Volume

2

Issue

5

Publication Date / Copyright Date

10-1-2012

First Page

629

Last Page

635

Publisher

Elsevier Ltd.

DOI Number

10.1016/j.coviro.2012.07.006

Abstract

Intrinsic and acquired drug resistance remains a fundamental obstacle to successful applications of anticancer therapies for lung cancer. Combining conventional therapies with immunotherapeutic approaches is a promising strategy to circumvent lung cancer drug resistance. Genetically modified oncolytic viruses (OVs) kill tumor cells via completely unique mechanisms compared to small molecule chemotherapeutics typically used in lung cancer treatment and can also be used to deliver specific toxic, therapeutic or immunomodulatory genes to tumor cells. Recent pre-clinical and clinical studies with oncolytic vaccine approaches have revealed promising combination strategies that enhance oncolysis of tumor cells and circumvent tumor resistance mechanisms. As clinical trials with oncolytic vaccines progress, and as the knowledge acquired from these studies builds a foundation demonstrating OVs safety and efficacy, novel combination approaches could soon have a major impact on the clinical management of patients diagnosed with lung cancer.

Disciplines

Medical Specialties | Medicine and Health Sciences | Osteopathic Medicine and Osteopathy

Keywords

Animals, Drug Resistance, Neoplasm, Genetic Therapy, Genetic Vectors, Humans, Lung Neoplasms, Oncolytic Viruses

Peer Reviewed

Find in your library

Share

COinS