Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Education


Abraham S. Fischler College of Education


Grace Telesco

Committee Member

Marcelo Castro

Committee Member

Steven Hecht


Citizen, Legitimacy, Officer, Organizational justice, Police, Procedural justice


External procedural justice has been found to have a relationship with cooperation, compliance, and police legitimacy. Extant methods to increase external procedural justice during police-citizen interactions have been met with mixed results. Fair policing from the inside out proposes that organizationally just treatment of officers will lead to external procedural justice during encounters between officers and citizens. Police organizational justice, comprised of the dimensions of distributive justice, procedural justice, interpersonal justice, and informational justice, has been found to have a relationship with external procedural justice, however, the majority of research has been conducted using overseas samples. The minority of work in the U.S. has occurred exclusively in the Midwest. Additionally, the individual dimensions of organizational justice have been less frequently examined. Organizational justice has been found to be associated with many desirable outcomes both within the policing profession and in many other professions outside of policing. This study contributed to the current literature through use of an extra-Midwest U.S. police sample and examination of the relationship between the four dimensions of police organizational justice and external procedural justice. There were no significant correlations or linear regressions between the independent variables and the dependent variable. An analysis in which the four independent variables were combined into a composite organizational justice independent variable measured using a single scale yielded both a significant correlation and regression (Bolger & Walters, 2019; Colquitt et al., 2001; Donner, 2021; Donner & Olson, 2020; MacQueen & Bradford, 2015; Sun et al., 2020; Van Craen, 2016b).