Sleep disorders in children and adolescents
Handbook of Conceptualization and Treatment of Child and Adolescent Psychopathology
This chapter explains sleep disorders in children and adolescents. Sleep in infants, children, and adolescents differs greatly from that of adults. There is great variability in sleep requirements and in the presence of sleep disorders across the developmental span of children and adolescents. A commonly occurring sleep problem among infants and toddlers is insomnia, being expressed as either night awakenings, difficulty falling asleep at bedtime, or a combination of both. These problems are frequently observed in children between the ages of one and three. Education is an important component of treatment in working with adolescents who have delayed sleep phase syndrome as well as with their parents. Narcolepsy is a sleep problem which usually begins during adolescence. Its symptoms consist of excessive sleepiness during the day or sleep attacks; loss of muscle tone for brief periods of time that can be precipitated by strong affective states; and hypnagogic hallucinations, vivid images which occur while the individual is awake. Treatment often includes behavioral interventions and family guidance. Delayed sleep phase syndrome is a particularly interesting disorder because it highlights the importance of taking into consideration not only the psychological and social manifestations of the disorder but also the biological factors that lead directly to it. Successful treatment of delayed sleep phase syndrome must address the biological etiology as well as the psychological and social factors associated with the disorder.
Fins, A. I.,
Wohlgemuth, W. K.
(2001). Sleep disorders in children and adolescents. Handbook of Conceptualization and Treatment of Child and Adolescent Psychopathology, 437-448.
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