M.S. Marine Biology
The objective of this paper is to review the effects top predators have on and within marine ecosystems, although the full impact that they have isn’t well understood. This paper will define and explain different types of direct and indirect interactions of predators on prey, the types of models or observing techniques currently used to study these interactions, the reasons for top predator loss and the impact top predator loss could have on marine ecosystems.
Kathleen Cook Hollowell. 2013. A Review of Predator-Prey Interactions within Marine Ecosystems with a Focus on Top Predator Influences on Ecosystem Stability and Fisheries Management Implications. Capstone. Nova Southeastern University. Retrieved from NSUWorks, . (142)