Event Title

MODULATION OF THE CANNABINOID-1 RECEPTOR BY ANGIOTENSIN II IN ASTROCYTES ISOLATED FROM SPONTANEOUSLY HYPERTENSIVE RATS

Location

Atrium

Start Date

14-2-2014 12:00 AM

Description

Objective. To determine whether a mediator of neuroprotection, the Cannabinoid Type 1 receptor (CB1R), is altered by Angiotensin (Ang) II in astrocytes. Background. Along with an elevated Ang II level, neuroinflammation in the brainstem (BS) has been shown to shift the balance towards an augmented sympathetic drive, the latter being associated with hypertension. Astrocytes play a central role in the bidirectional modulation of inflammation Methods. BS astrocytes isolated from Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were used as a hypertension model to determine whether Ang II induces CB1R protein and mRNA expression. The results were compared to normotensive Wistar rats. The cells were treated with 100nM Ang II in a time-dependent manner, and the effect of Ang II on CB1R protein and mRNA levels were measured using Western blotting and qt-PCR techniques, respectively. Results. In Wistar astrocytes, Ang II raised the CB1R protein and mRNA levels in a time-dependent manner. In SHR astrocytes, Ang II down-regulated or had no effect on CB1R protein and mRNA levels. Compared with Wistar astrocytes, the CB1R protein and mRNA levels in SHR astrocytes were significantly different. Conclusion. Our findings suggest that the CB1R is differentially regulated in SHR versus normotensive astrocytes. Further experiments would be conducted to determine whether this modulation has a neuroinflammatory component. These experiments may reveal a potential target to restore an elevated sympathetic drive in hypertension. Grants. This study was funded by the President's Faculty R & D Grant (Grant#335309) from Nova Southeastern University.

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Feb 14th, 12:00 AM

MODULATION OF THE CANNABINOID-1 RECEPTOR BY ANGIOTENSIN II IN ASTROCYTES ISOLATED FROM SPONTANEOUSLY HYPERTENSIVE RATS

Atrium

Objective. To determine whether a mediator of neuroprotection, the Cannabinoid Type 1 receptor (CB1R), is altered by Angiotensin (Ang) II in astrocytes. Background. Along with an elevated Ang II level, neuroinflammation in the brainstem (BS) has been shown to shift the balance towards an augmented sympathetic drive, the latter being associated with hypertension. Astrocytes play a central role in the bidirectional modulation of inflammation Methods. BS astrocytes isolated from Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were used as a hypertension model to determine whether Ang II induces CB1R protein and mRNA expression. The results were compared to normotensive Wistar rats. The cells were treated with 100nM Ang II in a time-dependent manner, and the effect of Ang II on CB1R protein and mRNA levels were measured using Western blotting and qt-PCR techniques, respectively. Results. In Wistar astrocytes, Ang II raised the CB1R protein and mRNA levels in a time-dependent manner. In SHR astrocytes, Ang II down-regulated or had no effect on CB1R protein and mRNA levels. Compared with Wistar astrocytes, the CB1R protein and mRNA levels in SHR astrocytes were significantly different. Conclusion. Our findings suggest that the CB1R is differentially regulated in SHR versus normotensive astrocytes. Further experiments would be conducted to determine whether this modulation has a neuroinflammatory component. These experiments may reveal a potential target to restore an elevated sympathetic drive in hypertension. Grants. This study was funded by the President's Faculty R & D Grant (Grant#335309) from Nova Southeastern University.