CEC Theses and Dissertations

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Date of Award

2009

Document Type

Dissertation - NSU Access Only

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Computer Information Systems (DCIS)

Department

Graduate School of Computer and Information Sciences

Advisor

Sumitra Mukherjee

Committee Member

William L Hafner

Committee Member

Michael J. Lazlo

Abstract

As the quantity of text documents created on the web grows the ability of experts to manually classify them has decreased. Because people need to find and organize this information, interest has grown in developing automatic means of categorizing these documents. In this effort, ontologies have been developed that capture domain specific knowledge in the form of a hierarchy of concepts.

Support Vector Machines are machine learning methods that are widely used for automated document categorization. Recent studies suggest that the classification accuracy of a Support Vector Machine may be improved by using concepts defined by a domain ontology instead of using the words that appear in the document. However, such studies have not taken into account the hierarchy inherent in the relationship between concepts. The goal of this dissertation was to investigate whether the hierarchical relationships among concepts in ontologies can be exploited to improve the classification accuracy of web documents by a Support Vector Machine.

Concept vectors that capture the hierarchy of domain ontologies were created and used to train a Support Vector Machine. Tests conducted using the benchmark Reuters-21578 data set indicate that the Support Vector Machines achieve higher classification accuracy when they make use of the hierarchical relationships among concepts in ontologies.

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