Patterns of Y and X Chromosome DNA Sequence Divergence During the Felidae Radiation
The 37 species of modern cats have evolved from approximately eight phylogenetic lineages within the past 10 to 15 million years. The Felidae family has been described with multiple measures of morphologic and molecular evolutionary methods that serve as a framework for tracking gene divergence during brief evolutionary periods. In this report, we compare the mode and tempo of evolution of noncoding sequences of a large intron within Zfy (783 bp) and Zfx (854 bp), homologous genes located on the felid Y and X chromosomes, respectively. Zfy sequence variation evolves at about twice the rate of Zfx, and both gene intron sequences track feline hierarchical topologies accurately. As homoplasies are infrequent in patterns of nucleotide substitution, the Y chromosome sequence displays a remarkable degree of phylogenetic consistency among cat species and provides a highly informative glimpse of divergence of sex chromosome sequences in Felidae.
Pecon-Slattery, Jill and Stephen J. O'Brien. 1998. "Patterns of Y and X Chromosome DNA Sequence Divergence During the Felidae Radiation." Genetics 148, (3): 1245-1255. http://nsuworks.nova.edu/cnso_bio_facarticles/680