This article presents the interview protocol refinement (IPR) framework comprised of a four-phase process for systematically developing and refining an interview protocol. The four-phase process includes: (1) ensuring interview questions align with research questions, (2) constructing an inquiry-based conversation, (3) receiving feedback on interview protocols, and (4) piloting the interview protocol. The IRP method can support efforts to strengthen the reliability of interview protocols used for qualitative research and thereby contribute to improving the quality of data obtained from research interviews.


Interviewing, Interview Protocols, Qualitative Pedagogy, Research Interviews

Author Bio(s)

Milagros Castillo-Montoya is assistant professor in the department of educational leadership in the Neag School of Education at the University of Connecticut. Her research focuses on teaching and learning in higher education with particular attention to classrooms diverse by race, ethnicity, and social class. She also teaches courses on research and assessment, specializing in qualitative methodologies with expertise in classroom observations and interview research. Correspondence regarding this article can be addressed directly to: milagros.castillo-montoya@uconn.edu.


Thank you to the graduate students in Assessment, Evaluation, and Research in Student Affairs, Blanca Rincón, Sarah Woulfin, and Robin Grenier for valuable input on this manuscript.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.





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