In this paper I discuss three case studies of facilitation and mediation in South Africa: 1) facilitation between the South African apartheid establishment and the African National Congress in exile from 1963 to 1989; 2) facilitation that eventually led to mediation between Inkatha and the United Democratic Front in Natal over 10 months from 1985 to 1986; and 3)mediation between the African National Congress and the Afrikaner Freedom Foundation (Afrikaner Vryheidstigting, also known as Avstig) over 18 months from 1991 to 1993.

Author Bio(s)

Hendrik van der Merwe is Emeritus Honorary Professor and retired Director of the Centre for Conflict Resolution of the University of Cape Town, pioneered Conflict and Peace Studies in South Africa. He has lectured extensively in the United Kingdom, the USA and Germany. A Quaker "by conviction," he is on the board of the Quaker Peace Centre in Cape Town.


African National Congress (ANC), Inkatha Freedom Party, mediation, National Party (South Africa), Nelson Mandela, Pan Africanist Congress (PAC), peacemaking, political leadership, South Africa

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