Somalia, Rwanda and what was once Yugoslavia reveal the shocking inadequacies of the 'security regime' of our post-cold-war world. One response to these disasters has been to field more UN Peacekeeping operations; more operations were mounted in the four years between 1988-1992 than the previous forty. Yet, as we all know, this development was far from adequate, and in the end has brought the whole idea of UN peacekeeping into question. NATO head John Shalikashvili said early in 1992, "the days of pristine peacekeeping as we have understood it for years are probably over" (Shalikashvili, 1993). His solution was a combined NATO-former Warsaw Pact global police force.

Author Bio(s)

Michael Nagler is Professor emeritus at UC, Berkeley, he founded the Peace and Conflict Studies Program (PACS) there and still regularly teaches the upper-division nonviolence course, and has spoken and written widely for campus, religious, public and special interest groups on the subject of peace and nonviolence for twenty-five years in addition to his career in classics. He has consulted for the U.S. Institute of Peace and many other organizations and is President of METTA: Centers for Nonviolence Education. He is the author of America Without Violence, The Upanishads (with Sri Eknath Easwaran) and is working on Gandhi for Beginners with some of his students from Berkeley, and a book of his own, Acts of Love: Our Nonviolent Destiny and the Challenge of the Third Millenium.


institutionalized conflict management, nonviolence, peacekeeping, Quakers

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