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Abstract

As violent events escalate, even within the United States, it is imperative that occupational scientists have an in-depth understanding of the level one (descriptive) research implications, and occupational therapy practitioners are prepared to meet the needs of those impacted by conflict. This article aims to (a) describe the occupations of those affected by conflict (b) inform on current interventions through an intentional review (c) present the case for a call to action of occupational therapy practitioners. A general review of literature resulting in a description of occupations, identified four distinct populations: those who fight, caregivers, those who stay home, and the children. The intentional review provides examples of efficacious interventions for the identified populations. The overall call to action is supported by the evidence that occupational therapy practitioners are uniquely suited to utilize the power of occupational participation to not only minimize the impact of the disruption, but also to help mend communities that have been divided for the benefit of all who are involved.

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