Integrating Fine Art and Science to Better Understand the South Dakota Badlands
2010 GSA Annual Meeting, Denver, Colorado, October 31 - November 3, 2010
For over a decade, the Badlands Working Group (BWG) of Slippery Rock University (SRU) has been training undergraduate geology and geography students through guided research on Holocene landscape development in Badlands National Park, SD. In 2005, upon reviewing typically dismal results from student field notebooks, faculty of the BWG re-examined the use of scientific illustration in field exercises. Introductory students asked to sketch Badlands landscapes consistently failed to produce accurate illustrations and often failed to recognize obvious elements of the landscape, including the stepped lower prairie, escarpment, and upper prairie. In response to this pedagogical challenge, in 2006 BWG added SRU Art Department faculty, Katherine Mickle, and expanded its educational and scientific mission to include artistic considerations of light, dimension, proportion, perspective, and the conveyance of idea.
Collaboration between artists and scientists in field studies has fallen out of fashion in recent years, but historically includes such famous teams as Hayden and Moran, and Powell, Moran and Holmes from exploration of the Grand Canyon and Yellowstone. Addition of an artist to the BWG faculty not only improved student sketches, it improved students’ ability to analyze and understand the landscape and its processes. Furthermore, the art and science collaborative enriched the faculty research experience, producing results that combined scientific understanding of the Badlands landscape with captured artistic impressions. Artistic media produced by the BWG have expanded from sketches to include sculpture, paintings, printmaking, fibers and video. BWG faculty and students have presented Badlands-inspired artwork at conferences, symposia, and exhibitions in addition to scientific papers. This presentation will include a brief history of the tradition of scientific and artistic collaboration, and a pedagogical review. BWG pedagogical strategies are largely experiential and cooperative, including peer mentoring with undergraduate students. Returning students and alumni mentor novices, focusing inquiry, enhancing group communication, and diffusing stressors. The presentation also will include examples of artwork from faculty and students of the working group.
Mickle, Katherine; Baldauf, Paul E.; Burkhart, Patrick A.; and Blasko, Eli, "Integrating Fine Art and Science to Better Understand the South Dakota Badlands" (2010). Oceanography Faculty Proceedings, Presentations, Speeches, Lectures. 340.