Title

Effects of EMF Emissions from Undersea Electric Cables on Coral Reef Fish

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-9-2017

Publication Title

BioElectroMagnetics

Keywords

Electromagnetic field, Marine hydrokinetic device, Undersea cables, Coral reef fish, Electrosensitivity

ISSN

1521-186X

First Page

1

Last Page

18

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine if electromagnetic field (EMF) emissions from undersea power cables impacted local marine life, with an emphasis on coral reef fish. The work was done at the South Florida Ocean Measurement Facility of Naval Surface Warfare Center in Broward County, Florida, which has a range of active undersea detection and data transmission cables. EMF emissions from a selected cable were created during non-destructive visual fish surveys on SCUBA. During surveys, the transmission of either alternating current (AC), direct current (DC), or none (OFF) was randomly initiated by the facility at a specified time. Visual surveys were conducted using standardized transect and point-count methods to acquire reef fish abundances and species richness prior to and immediately after a change in transmission frequency. The divers were also tasked to note the reaction of the reef fish to the immediate change in EMF during a power transition. In general, analysis of the data did not find statistical differences among power states and any variables. However, this may be a Type II error as there are strong indications of a potential difference of a higher abundance of reef fish at the sites when the power was off, and further study is warranted.

Comments

©2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Additional Comments

US Department of Energy grant #: DE-EE0006386

DOI

10.1002/bem.22092

This document is currently not available here.

Peer Reviewed

Find in your library

Share

COinS