The Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals recently attempted to "harmonize the discordant precedent that has evolved" in the circuit with regard to high seas searches and seizures conducted by the United States Coast Guard.
McIntosh, Douglas M. and Sawran, James C.
"Criminal Law: "Prepare For Boarding:" Coast Guard Authority On The High Seas. United States V. Williams,"
Nova Law Review: Vol. 5:
1, Article 9.
Available at: https://nsuworks.nova.edu/nlr/vol5/iss1/9