The now-defunct Soviet Union and the term "police state" have
been synonymous for many years, at least from the Stalinist era until,
possibly, the Gorbachev era.
Carton, Sharon F.
"American Popular Culture's View of the Soviet Militia: The End of the Police State?,"
Nova Law Review: Vol. 16:
3, Article 2.
Available at: https://nsuworks.nova.edu/nlr/vol16/iss3/2