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Abstract

Purpose: Hypertension is the leading preventable risk factor for various cardiovascular diseases. With the soaring prevalence globally, there is a need to identify the non-pharmacological management for the maintenance of blood pressure. Hence this study is aimed to determine the impact of an-aerobic exercise in grade-I hypertensive young adults. Methods: A total of 92 participants were recruited from the OPD of a tertiary care hospital between the periods of 11 months (August 2017-June 2018) and were allocated in an anaerobic and aerobic group. The intervention was given based on ACSM, FITT protocol for 8 weeks. The pre- and post-systolic blood pressure, ankle brachial index (ABI), and lipid index were determined. Results: The results obtained from the study showed that eight weeks of prescribed exercises significantly improved systolic blood pressure, ankle brachial index, and lipid index of the hypertensive patients in both groups (CI: 95%, pConclusion: The study concluded that 8 weeks of supervised training programs were found to be effective in improving blood pressure, ABI, and lipid index among grade-I hypertensive young adults. Both exercises regimes were found to be equally effective, however, in term of their impact on the dose-response relationship curve resisted exercises were found to be more potent than aerobic exercises as only 24 sessions of resisted exercises performed for 8 weeks provided an equally effective result as were obtained after 40 sessions of aerobic exercises.

Author Bio(s)

Dr Ali Farhad, MPhil is an Assistant Professor at Ziauddin College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Ziauddin University. Specialized in the field of Exercise Physiology

Dr Sumaira Farooqui, PhD is Associate Professor, Principal at Ziauddin College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Ziauddin University

Dr Batool Hassan, MPhil PhD scholar is Senior Lecturer at Ziauddin College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Ziauddin University. Specialized in the field of Exercise Physiology

Acknowledgements

First and Foremost, praises and thanks to Almighty Allah for His showers of blessings throughout my research work. I am sincerely grateful to the institution, Ziauddin College of Rehabilitation Sciences, for providing me the opportunity to undertake this research. I thank the management of the organization for their genuine support to complete the thesis.

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