Presentation Title

Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT): An Intervention to Promote Cervical Cancer Awareness Among Black and Hispanic Women in Broward County

Speaker Credentials

Associate Professor

Speaker Credentials

Ed.D.

College

College of Nursing

Location

Nova Southeastern University, Davie, Florida, USA

Format

Podium Presentation

Start Date

21-2-2020 8:30 AM

End Date

21-2-2020 4:00 PM

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the awareness and risk of cervical cancer of Black and Hispanic women living in Broward County using the SBIRIT. Background: Although cervical cancer is one of the most preventable types of cancers, Hispanic and Black women die more of the disease than Caucasian women. Despite clear recommendations and evidenced benefits of cervical cancer screening, screening rates across the United States, particularly in the southern areas of the US are significantly lower than anticipated for Black and Hispanic women. Factors related to low screening behaviors are complex; however, lack of knowledge regarding risk factors and failure to recognize one’s personal risk have been identified as leading barriers. Method: A community based sampling approach was used to survey Black and Hispanic women in Broward County. Sixty-four women were pre-screened, and ten were eligible for risk assessment using the Siteman Cancer Center’s Disease Risk tool. Results: 44% did not have a pap test within the last 3-5 years. 75% did not receive vaccination against HPV. Out of 10 individuals who were eligible for risk assessment, 40% (n=4) had above average risk for cervical cancer; however, they never had the HPV vaccine, did not have a hysterectomy, and were not screened for cervical cancer for the past 3-5 years. 60% (n= 6) had below average risk and did not take preventive measures against cervical cancer either. Conclusion: More robust communication strategies specific to these populations must be implemented to encourage participation in preventive behaviors.

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Feb 21st, 8:30 AM Feb 21st, 4:00 PM

Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT): An Intervention to Promote Cervical Cancer Awareness Among Black and Hispanic Women in Broward County

Nova Southeastern University, Davie, Florida, USA

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the awareness and risk of cervical cancer of Black and Hispanic women living in Broward County using the SBIRIT. Background: Although cervical cancer is one of the most preventable types of cancers, Hispanic and Black women die more of the disease than Caucasian women. Despite clear recommendations and evidenced benefits of cervical cancer screening, screening rates across the United States, particularly in the southern areas of the US are significantly lower than anticipated for Black and Hispanic women. Factors related to low screening behaviors are complex; however, lack of knowledge regarding risk factors and failure to recognize one’s personal risk have been identified as leading barriers. Method: A community based sampling approach was used to survey Black and Hispanic women in Broward County. Sixty-four women were pre-screened, and ten were eligible for risk assessment using the Siteman Cancer Center’s Disease Risk tool. Results: 44% did not have a pap test within the last 3-5 years. 75% did not receive vaccination against HPV. Out of 10 individuals who were eligible for risk assessment, 40% (n=4) had above average risk for cervical cancer; however, they never had the HPV vaccine, did not have a hysterectomy, and were not screened for cervical cancer for the past 3-5 years. 60% (n= 6) had below average risk and did not take preventive measures against cervical cancer either. Conclusion: More robust communication strategies specific to these populations must be implemented to encourage participation in preventive behaviors.