Presentation Title

A Qualitative Assessment of Health Status of the Arab Descent Community in South Florida

Speaker Credentials

Ph.D. in Pharmacy

Speaker Credentials

MS

College

College of Pharmacy

Location

Nova Southeastern University, Davie, Florida, USA

Format

Podium Presentation

Start Date

21-2-2020 8:30 AM

End Date

21-2-2020 4:00 PM

Abstract

Objective. The purpose of this study is to expand our knowledge of the risk factors that affect the health status of Arab descent Americans (ADAs) in South Florida. Background. Research on health outcomes of ADAs is sparse. Considering the current sociopolitical climate in the US, it is important to take steps to better understand the stigma associated with this marginalized group and how such discrimination and stereotypes impact their general health and health outcome such as healthcare services utilization (HSU) and medication adherence. Method. A convenience sample of 27 eligible participants was recruited using a snowball sampling approach. Recruitment only took place in non-clinical settings. Study participants were divided into three focus groups led by a moderator. Each focus group followed the same procedures and protocol guidelines. Verbatim transcripts of the audio-taped focus group sessions were transcribed in English and a qualitative data management software- NVivo 12—was used for the analysis. Results. Participants’ mean age was 35 years, 70% were female, 37% US-born, and 48% have been in the US for 20 years or more. Eight themes were identified as being strongly associated with HSU and medication adherence: gender role; generation differences; religion; health literacy; self-perceived discrimination; access and insurance; mental health stigma; and reactive health need. Conclusion. Participants highlighted the influence of religion on the outcomes. Additionally, health literacy levels and self-perceived discrimination negatively affect their HSU and medication adherence. This study was funded by the Health Professions Division grant.

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Feb 21st, 8:30 AM Feb 21st, 4:00 PM

A Qualitative Assessment of Health Status of the Arab Descent Community in South Florida

Nova Southeastern University, Davie, Florida, USA

Objective. The purpose of this study is to expand our knowledge of the risk factors that affect the health status of Arab descent Americans (ADAs) in South Florida. Background. Research on health outcomes of ADAs is sparse. Considering the current sociopolitical climate in the US, it is important to take steps to better understand the stigma associated with this marginalized group and how such discrimination and stereotypes impact their general health and health outcome such as healthcare services utilization (HSU) and medication adherence. Method. A convenience sample of 27 eligible participants was recruited using a snowball sampling approach. Recruitment only took place in non-clinical settings. Study participants were divided into three focus groups led by a moderator. Each focus group followed the same procedures and protocol guidelines. Verbatim transcripts of the audio-taped focus group sessions were transcribed in English and a qualitative data management software- NVivo 12—was used for the analysis. Results. Participants’ mean age was 35 years, 70% were female, 37% US-born, and 48% have been in the US for 20 years or more. Eight themes were identified as being strongly associated with HSU and medication adherence: gender role; generation differences; religion; health literacy; self-perceived discrimination; access and insurance; mental health stigma; and reactive health need. Conclusion. Participants highlighted the influence of religion on the outcomes. Additionally, health literacy levels and self-perceived discrimination negatively affect their HSU and medication adherence. This study was funded by the Health Professions Division grant.