Presentation Title

Local Tissue Water Changes in Patients with Lower Extremity Lymphedema

Speaker Credentials

Medical Education

Speaker Credentials

Ph.D.

College

College of Medical Sciences, MBS

Location

Signature Grand, Davie, Florida, USA

Format

Podium Presentation

Start Date

25-4-2008 12:00 AM

End Date

25-4-2008 12:00 AM

Abstract

Objective. Our present goal was to determine this method’s suitability for lower extremity assessments and to quantitate LTW changes associated with manual lymphatic therapy (MLD). Background. Previously we described the utility of measuring local tissue water (LTW) via tissue dielectric constant (TDC) measurements to assess postmastectomy lymphedema presence and extent (Lymphology 2007;40:87-94). Methods. LTW was estimated via TDC values measured to a 2.5 mm depth at the greatest leg swelling site before and after one MLD treatment in 27 legs of 18 lymphedema patients. Girth at these sites was measured with a calibrated tape measure. TDC values, which range from 1 for zero water to 78.5 for all water, were measured four times and averaged for LTW assessments. Results. In every case the post-treatment LTW was reduced from its pre-treatment value with percentage reductions ranging from -3.0% to - 23.5% with an overall change (mean +/- SD) of -9.75 +/-5.64% (p<0.0001). Changes in girth were smaller, ranging from -5.26% to +0.91% with an overall change of -1.55 +/- 1.93% (p<0.05). Conclusion. Since TDC measurements reflect changes to a depth of about 2.5 mm whereas girth measurements reflect conditions of the entire cross-section, it is likely that the TDC assessment is more sensitive to smaller changes and to the immediate effects of MLD treatment. The substantial percentage change in LTW, but much smaller change in girth, are consistent with this and suggest that TDC measurements may be useful as complementary and perhaps independent assessment methods of edema/lymphedema and treatment-related changes.

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Apr 25th, 12:00 AM Apr 25th, 12:00 AM

Local Tissue Water Changes in Patients with Lower Extremity Lymphedema

Signature Grand, Davie, Florida, USA

Objective. Our present goal was to determine this method’s suitability for lower extremity assessments and to quantitate LTW changes associated with manual lymphatic therapy (MLD). Background. Previously we described the utility of measuring local tissue water (LTW) via tissue dielectric constant (TDC) measurements to assess postmastectomy lymphedema presence and extent (Lymphology 2007;40:87-94). Methods. LTW was estimated via TDC values measured to a 2.5 mm depth at the greatest leg swelling site before and after one MLD treatment in 27 legs of 18 lymphedema patients. Girth at these sites was measured with a calibrated tape measure. TDC values, which range from 1 for zero water to 78.5 for all water, were measured four times and averaged for LTW assessments. Results. In every case the post-treatment LTW was reduced from its pre-treatment value with percentage reductions ranging from -3.0% to - 23.5% with an overall change (mean +/- SD) of -9.75 +/-5.64% (p<0.0001). Changes in girth were smaller, ranging from -5.26% to +0.91% with an overall change of -1.55 +/- 1.93% (p<0.05). Conclusion. Since TDC measurements reflect changes to a depth of about 2.5 mm whereas girth measurements reflect conditions of the entire cross-section, it is likely that the TDC assessment is more sensitive to smaller changes and to the immediate effects of MLD treatment. The substantial percentage change in LTW, but much smaller change in girth, are consistent with this and suggest that TDC measurements may be useful as complementary and perhaps independent assessment methods of edema/lymphedema and treatment-related changes.