Home-Based Family Intervention for Low-Income Children With Asthma: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study
ISBN or ISSN
Publication Date / Copyright Date
Sage Publications, Inc.
Low-income African American children have disproportionately higher asthma morbidity and mortality. Education alone may not address barriers to asthma management due to psychosocial stress. This study evaluated the efficacy of a home-based family intervention integrating asthma education and strategies to address stress using a community-based participatory research model. Children age 8 to 13 with poorly controlled asthma and their caregivers were recruited from an urban hospital and an asthma camp. Caregivers with elevated scores on a stress measure were enrolled. Forty-three families were randomized to the 4- to 6-session Home Based Family Intervention (HBFI) or the single session of Enhanced Treatment as Usual (ETAU). All families received an asthma action plan and dust mite covers; children performed spirometry and demonstrated MDI/spacer technique at each home visit. The HBFI addressed family-selected goals targeting asthma management and stressors. Asthma management, morbidity, family functioning, and caregiver stress were assessed at baseline, postintervention, and 6 months after the intervention. ED visits and hospitalizations were ascertained by medical record review for a year after intervention completion. Only one child (5%) in HBFI had an asthma-related hospitalization compared to 7 patients (35%) in ETAU in the year following intervention. Participants in both groups demonstrated improved asthma management and family functioning, and reduced ED visits, symptom days, missed school days, and caregiver stress, but there were no differential treatment effects. The results suggest that a home-based intervention addressing medical and psychosocial needs may prevent hospitalizations for children with poorly controlled asthma and caregivers under stress.
Medicine and Health Sciences
African Americans, Asthma, Caregivers, Community-Based Participatory Research, Family Therapy, Follow-Up Studies, Patient Education, Pilot Projects, Poverty, Stress, Psychological, Treatment Outcome
Celano, Marianne P.; Holsey, Chanda Nicole DRPH, MPH, AE-C; and Kobrynski, Lisa J., "Home-Based Family Intervention for Low-Income Children With Asthma: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study" (2012). Department of Health Sciences Faculty Articles. 222.