Effects of exercise training and amino-acid supplementation on body composition and physical performance in untrained women.
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of 6 wk of essential amino acid (EAA) supplementation on body composition and exercise performance in untrained women (n = 21). Subjects were randomly assigned to a placebo (cellulose) or an EAA (average daily dose of 18.3 g of EAAs in pill form) group. Each subject participated in aerobic and heavy-resistance training three times per week. Body composition was assessed via dual x-ray absorptiometry analysis. Muscular endurance was determined via treadmill time to exhaustion, and strength was assessed by the total amount of weight lifted for one set to exhaustion at an estimated 12 repetitions maximum. No changes occurred in either group for body weight, lean body mass, fat mass, or bone mineral content. Treadmill time to exhaustion (TTE) improved significantly (P < 0.05) in the EAA group (mean +/- SD; pre-TTE = 13.15 +/- 3.67 min, post-TTE = 14. 73 +/- 4.26 min), whereas the placebo group did not change significantly. The total weight lifted at the subject's maximum 12 repetitions did not significantly change in either group. In previously untrained individuals, the ingestion of EAAs combined with aerobic and heavy-resistance training for 6 wk did not have a significant effect on body composition or muscular strength; however, aerobic muscular endurance increased significantly.
Antonio, Jose; Sanders, M. S.; Ehler, L. A.; Uelmen, J.; Raether, J. B.; and Stout, J. R., "Effects of exercise training and amino-acid supplementation on body composition and physical performance in untrained women." (2000). Department of Health and Human Performance Faculty Articles. 13.