scoping review, minority, ethnic, racial, chronic kidney disease, social determinants of health
Although widespread, the burden of disease presented by chronic kidney disease (CKD) is not equally distributed among all demographics. Examining the social determinants of health (SDOH) that relate to barriers to renal dialysis care in CKD can help to prevent future disparities. There has not been a study addressing the social factors that create barriers to care for ethnic minority patients with CKD. The aim of this scoping review is to address the SDOH that affects access to renal dialysis for ethnic minority patients in the United States. This study was based on the protocol published by the Joanna Briggs Institute. A total of 349 studies were identified from PubMed, EBSCOhost, and Embase. Each article was screened against population, concept, and context criteria in order to be considered for inclusion. The population was determined to be adults of all genders from underrepresented minority populations. The selected concept was SDOH. The context of this study was the United States population. From the articles selected by the search criteria, neighborhood of residence, mental health care access, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) methodology, socioeconomic status (SES), language barriers, immigration status, and military rank were identified as SDOH affecting access to renal dialysis care. While this study identified four social determinants, more research is needed for the investigation of other possible SDOH contributing to disparities related to CKD and access to renal dialysis care.
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Mercen, Joseph L.; Curran, Kiely; Belmar, Markeeta T.; Sanchez, Jaron; Hasan, Ibrahim; Kalra, Sahib; Raina, Parth M.; Patel, Sahil; Arrechavaleta, Dania; Lee, Vincent; and Anderson, Paula, "Social Determinants of Health Impacting Access to Renal Dialysis for Racial/Ethnic Minorities" (2023). HPD Articles. 365.
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