Neuronal Hormones and the Sympathetic/Parasympathetic Regulation of the Heart
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Elsevier Academic Press
The primary purpose of the heart is to contract and pump blood to the entire body and all peripheral organs. Heart rate and cardiac output are tightly regulated so the heart can adjust to meet the needs of the organism under any given circumstance. This regulation is provided by the autonomic nervous system, including hormones and other secreted factors. In this chapter, we discuss the physiological mechanisms by which cardiac function is controlled and modulated by the autonomic (sympathetic & parasympathetic) nervous system, by the endocrine organs (mainly pituitary and adrenal glands), and, finally, by its own intrinsic endocrine system (cardiac hormones). Particular emphasis is given to molecular receptor signaling mechanisms underlying these processes.
Medicine and Health Sciences | Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
autonomic nervous system, cardiac function, molecular receptor signaling mechanisms
Ranek, A.; Vu, A.; Willis, M. S.; and Lymperopoulos, Anastasios, "Neuronal Hormones and the Sympathetic/Parasympathetic Regulation of the Heart" (2016). Faculty Books and Book Chapters. 8.