Molecular Characterization of Glycophorin A Transcripts in Human Erythroid Cells using RT-PCR, Allele-specific Restriction, and Sequencing
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Glycophorin A (GPA) is an erythroid-lineage-specific membrane sialoglycoprotein which occurs in two allelic forms, M and N, which form the antigens of the MN blood group. Purified cDNAs and RNAs isolated from peripheral blood and erythroleukemia cell lines, HEL and K562, were used to develop an RT-PCR technique for amplifying GPA gene transcripts (GYPA). The relative expression of transcripts from the M and N alleles was determined using restriction analysis of these amplified products with four allele-specific restriction endonucleases. The use of this method permits the sensitive identification of GYPA transcripts in these cells and confirms GPA protein expression in the erythroleukemia cell lines and the MN phenotypes of individuals determined by immunolabeling with GPA allele-specific monoclonal antibodies. A novel restriction pattern was obtained using peripheral blood RNA from two individuals with a rare inherited variant allele, GPA Mg. Sequencing of the cDNA obtained using this method revealed a single C to A transversion in the fourth codon in the mature GYPA N coding sequence is responsible for the difference between GYPA Mg and GYPA N.
Medical Specialties | Medicine and Health Sciences | Osteopathic Medicine and Osteopathy
DuPont, B R.; Grant, Stephen G.; Oto, Sharon H.; Bigbee, William L.; Jensen, Ronald H.; and Langlois, Richard G., "Molecular Characterization of Glycophorin A Transcripts in Human Erythroid Cells using RT-PCR, Allele-specific Restriction, and Sequencing" (1995). College of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Articles. 1071.