HCBE Faculty Articles

Title

Credit Unions during the Crisis: Did they Provide Liquidity?

Document Type

Article

Date

2019

Publication Title

Applied Economics Letters

ISSN or ISBN

1466-4291

Volume

26

Issue

3

First Page

174

Last Page

179

Description

We use the consumer finance monthly national survey to demonstrate that credit unions (CUs) in the United States did little to help consumers obtain a home equity line of credit (HELOC) during the recent financial crisis. Our results hold after including a two-stage regression structure using the availability of CUs as the identifying instrument, as well as employing a Heckman correction procedure to adjust for sample selection bias. We find that during the financial crisis, CUs were no more likely than other depositary institutions to extend HELOCs either in areas experiencing housing price declines or to lower income households. Our results provide an empirical counterpoint to those who have lauded CUs for providing liquidity during times of crisis or for serving consumers who would otherwise be challenged to obtain funds.

DOI

10.1080/13504851.2018.1444259

Peer Reviewed

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