Image Modeling Based on a 2-D Stochastic Subspace System Identification Algorithm
Multidimensional Systems and Signal Processing
ISSN or ISBN
Fitting a causal dynamic model to an image is a fundamental problem in image processing, pattern recognition, and computer vision. In image restoration, for instance, the goal is to recover an estimate of the true image, preferably in the form of a parametric model, given an image that has been degraded by a combination of blur and additive white Gaussian noise. In texture analysis, on the other hand, a model of a particular texture image can serve as a tool for simulating texture patterns. Finally, in image enhancement one computes a model of the true image and the residuals between the image and the modeled image can be interpreted as the result of applying a de-noising filter. There are numerous other applications within the field of image processing that require a causal dynamic model. Such is the case in scene analysis, machined parts inspection, and biometric analysis, to name only a few. There are many types of causal dynamic models that have been proposed in the literature, among which the autoregressive moving average and state-space models (i.e., Kalman filter) are the most commonly used. In this paper we introduce a 2-D stochastic state-space system identification algorithm for fitting a quarter plane causal dynamic Roesser model to an image. The algorithm constructs a causal, recursive, and separable-in-denominator 2-D Kalman filter model. The algorithm is tested with three real images and the quality of the estimated images are assessed.
Ramos, Jose A. and Mercere, Guillaume, "Image Modeling Based on a 2-D Stochastic Subspace System Identification Algorithm" (2017). CEC Faculty Articles. 437.