Identification of Parameterized Gray-Box State-Space Systems: From a Black-Box Linear Time-Invariant Representation to a Structured One
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control
ISSN or ISBN
While determining the order as well as the matrices of a black-box linear state-space model is now an easy problem to solve, it is well-known that the estimated (fully parameterized) state-space matrices are unique modulo a non-singular similarity transformation matrix. This could have serious consequences if the system being identified is a real physical system. Indeed, if the true model contains physical parameters, then the identified system could no longer have the physical parameters in a form that can be extracted easily. By assuming that the system has been identified consistently in a fully parameterized form, the question addressed in this paper then is how to recover the physical parameters from this initially estimated black-box form. Two solutions to solve such a parameterization problem are more precisely introduced. First, a solution based on a null-space-based reformulation of a set of equations arising from the aforementioned similarity transformation problem is considered. Second, an algorithm dedicated to nonsmooth optimization is presented to transform the initial fully parameterized model into the structured state-space parameterization of the system to be identified. A specific constraint on the similarity transformation between both system representations is added to avoid singularity. By assuming that the physical statespace form is identifiable and the initial fully parameterized model is consistent, it is proved that the global solutions of these two optimization problems are unique. The proposed algorithms are presented, along with an example of a physical system.
Ramos, Jose A.; Mercere, Guillaume; and Prot, Olivier, "Identification of Parameterized Gray-Box State-Space Systems: From a Black-Box Linear Time-Invariant Representation to a Structured One" (2014). CEC Faculty Articles. 436.