Date of Award


Document Type

Dissertation - NSU Access Only

Degree Name

Doctor of Education


Center for the Advancement of Education


Dr. Stewart McCord


The purpose of this MARP was to design a program to improve the self-esteem of second through fifth grade students an elementary school In Orlando, Florida. Analysis of the students’ scores on self-concept assessment rating scale revealed that 31 percent of the students scored below average on the assessment instrument. Analysis of problem symptoms through formal and informal methods revealed that the students’ self-esteem development was negatively impacted by low teacher expectations. Inadequate instruction time devoted to affective skills, and lack of self-esteem development instructional materials. Teachers were presented with strategies, methods, and materials on how to approach self-esteem development as a teachable concept. Grade level meetings were held to introduce a program designed by the MARP writer entitled "Promoting Relevant Activities to Improve Self-Esteem” (PRAISE) which was utilized to address the problem. The PRAISE program contained four (4) major components: teacher inservice sessions, parent involvement activities, Children Are People (CAP) Curriculum, and the invitational education strategy. Additionally, the grade level meetings were used to discuss concerns, disseminate information, and share Interim and final results of the MARP project. Implementation of the PRAISE program resulted in an increase at each target grade level in T-scores on the Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale.

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