Date of Award


Document Type

Dissertation - NSU Access Only

Degree Name

Doctor of Education


Center for the Advancement of Education


Polly Peterson


Primary Education, Counseling, Counseling Techniques, Counselor Client Relationship, Videotape Cassettes, Shyness.


This practicum aimed to reduce the number of children whose counseling services are terminated prematurely, or who receive suboptimal counseling services because their active participation cannot be engaged in the evaluation and counseling processes. Seven individual sessions were held with each child participating in the program. Using the view-through mode with VCR camera and monitor, children who could not previously be engaged were encouraged to interact with the television on a variety of activities. Evaluative activities involving art, story-telling, and play were carried out while interacting with the television. An additional three sessions were held with each child without use of the VCR equipment. The results of the practicum were encouraging. Participatory behavior for all but one of the children was increased to the point where they were able to complete all three of the three evaluation tasks. Carryover of participatory behavior without use of the VCR was noted for all of the children. Although none of the children were speaking to anyone at all in school at the start of the project, half of the participating children began to speak in school on a limited basis by the time the project was completed.

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