College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Same-day Surgery Preparation: Reduction of Pediatric Patient Arousal and Distress Through Participant Modeling

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-1991

Keywords

Ambulatory Surgical Procedures, Preschool Child, Imitative Behavior, Middle Ear Ventilation, Mother-Child Relations, Patient Education as Topic, Social Environment

Publication Title

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

ISSN

0022-006X

Volume

59

Issue/No.

3

Abstract

Twenty-six children (mean age = 5.5 years) were exposed to one of three surgery preparatory conditions: participant modeling alone (n = 9), participant modeling with mother (n = 8), and standard procedure control (n = 9). Children exposed to the modeling slide-tape without their mothers had significant reductions in physiological arousal after the slide-tape presentation, unlike children viewing the tape with their mothers and children exposed to the control condition. Both participant modeling groups exhibited significantly fewer distressful behaviors during recovery (postsurgery) than did control group children. Results are discussed with respect to previous medical preparation research. Implications of these findings concerning clinical application and future research are addressed.

DOI

10.1037//0022-006X.59.3.475

Peer Reviewed

Find in your library

Share

COinS