College of Psychology: Faculty Articles

Title

Relation of childhood worry to information processing factors in an ethnically diverse community sample.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-2006

Keywords

Adolescent, Affect, African Americans, Anxiety, Child Psychology, European Continental Ancestry Group, Hispanic Americans, Mental Processes, Problem Solving, Questionnaires, Social Class, Psychological Stress

Publication Title

Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology

ISSN

1537-4416

Volume

35

Issue/No.

1

Abstract

This study examined information-processing variables in relation to worry in a sample of 292 fifth-grade children from Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic backgrounds. Results revealed that worry was related to threat interpretations for hypothetical situations and, when stress level was not controlled, to higher estimates of future occurrence for perceived threatening situations and ineffective solution choices. In addition, environmental and individual factors such as stress, gender, and socioeconomic status (SES) were found to be important predictors of information-processing variables. Ethnicity did not predict children's information processing when stress level and SES were controlled; however, it interacted with worry to predict problem-solving confidence. The findings support the information-processing model for childhood anxiety in a nonreferred and ethnically diverse sample.

DOI

10.1207/s15374424jccp3501_12

Peer Reviewed

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