Positive Affective Priming Decreases the Middle Late Positive Potential Response to Negative Images
attention, emotion, ERP, foveal, LPP, priming
Brain and Behavior
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to expand on previous literature showing that incidental emotion state priming in a specific domain leads to a higher probability that the primed emotion domain will be activated during a subsequent task.
METHODS: To that end, we investigated the influence of happy, fearful, and neutral incidental emotion state priming on subsequent responses to emotionally negative and neutral pictures, measured by the event-related potential (ERP) late positive potential (LPP). New to our study, we examined the influence of affective priming on the LPP response (analyzed separately at early and middle latency ranges) to emotional pictures in both the foveal and extrafoveal presentation locations.
RESULTS: Following both fearful and neutral incidental state priming, both the early and middle LPP latency ranges overwhelmingly differentiated between negative and neutral pictures. Following happy incidental state priming, however, the LPP response failed to differentiate between negative and neutral pictures by the middle LPP latency range (800-1,000 ms). These results suggest that incidental happy states can have a protective effect when viewing aversive stimuli. Additionally, the LPP showed greater sensitivity to negative stimuli when presented extrafoveally compared to foveally.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our findings suggest that incidental affective state and stimulus location influence emotional processing differentially for emotionally negative and emotionally neutral stimuli.
Hill, L. D.,
Starratt, V. G.,
Tartar, J. L.
(2019). Positive Affective Priming Decreases the Middle Late Positive Potential Response to Negative Images. Brain and Behavior, 9(1), 1-10.
Available at: https://nsuworks.nova.edu/cps_facarticles/1628