Comparing the BDI-II and the PHQ-9 with Outpatient Substance Abusers.
Because of the high co-occurrence of Axis-I mood disorders with primary substance use disorders (SUD), it is important to routinely assess substance abusers for evidence of a mood disorder. The primary goal of the present study was to examine the psychometric characteristics of two widely used self-report measures of depression (Beck Depression Inventory-II; Patient Health Questionnaire PRIME MD) with substance abusers (N=108) in an outpatient treatment setting. Using Cronbach's alpha, the reliabilities of the BDI-II and the PHQ-9 were 0.95 and 0.91, respectively. Principal component factor analyses of both measures were conducted to evaluate the relationship between a 3-factor solution (cognitive, affective, and somatic) for the BDI-II and a 1-factor solution for the PHQ-9 (depression). Both measures were correlated with severity levels of alcohol and drug use. Advantages and disadvantages of using both measures with substance abusers are discussed.
Sobell, L. C.,
Sobell, M. B.
(2008). Comparing the BDI-II and the PHQ-9 with Outpatient Substance Abusers.. Addictive Behaviors, 33(2), 381-387.
Available at: https://nsuworks.nova.edu/cps_facarticles/105