Capstone Title

Comprehensive Literature Review on the Optimal Production of Naturally Produced Astaxanthin from Haematococcus pluvialis

Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

M.S. Coastal Zone Management

Second Degree Name

M.S. Marine Biology

First Advisor

Pilar Maul

Second Advisor

Richard E. Spieler


Environmental conditions for the production of astaxanthin from Haematococcus pluvialis is illustrated in this comprehensive literature review. Naturally produced astaxanthin is becoming more viable with today’s advanced technology. The effects of cultivation methods, media, light, nutrients, aeration, salt, temperature, pH, and ultrasound on H. pluvialis were examined to provide insight on the optimal ways to grow and produceastaxanthin naturally for commercial production.

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