Measurements of Ion-Neutral Coupling in the Auroral F Region in Response to Increases in Particle Precipitation
Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Neutral winds, Ion drifts, F-Region, Ion-neutral coupling, Auroral precipitation, Coupling time scales
Neutral winds are a key factor in the dynamics of the ionosphere-thermosphere system. Previous observations have shown that neutral and ion flows are strongly coupled during periods of auroral activity when ion drag forcing can become the dominant force driving neutral wind flow. This is primarily due to increases in ion density due to enhanced particle precipitation as well as associated increases the strength of the electric fields that drive ion motions. Due to this strong coupling, numerical simulations of neutral dynamics have difficulty reproducing neutral wind observations when they are driven by modeled precipitation and modeled convection. It is therefore desirable whenever possible to have concurrent coincident measurements of auroral precipitation and ion convection. Recent advancements in high-resolution fitting of Super Dual Auroral Radar Network ion convection data have enabled the generation of steady maps of ion drifts over Alaska, coinciding with several optics sites. The Super Dual Auroral Radar Network measurements are compared with scanning Doppler imager neutral wind measurements at similar altitude, providing direct comparisons of ion and neutral velocities over a wide field and for long periods throughout the night. Also present are a digital all-sky imager and a meridian spectrograph, both of which provide measurements of auroral intensity on several wavelengths. In this study, we combine these data sets to present three case studies that show significant correlation between increases in F region precipitation and enhancements in ion-neutral coupling in the evening sector. We investigate the time scales over which the coupling takes place and compare our findings to previous measurements.
Kiene, A., Bristow, W. A., Conde, M. G., & Hampton, D. L. (2018). Measurements of Ion-Neutral Coupling in the Auroral F Region in Response to Increases in Particle Precipitation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, (5), 3900 - 3918. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JA024999. Retrieved from https://nsuworks.nova.edu/cnso_chemphys_facarticles/292