Outstanding Laser Damage Threshold in Li2MnGeS4 and Tunable Optical Nonlinearity in Diamond-Like Semiconductors
The new Li2MnGeS4 and Li2CoSnS4 compounds result from employing a rational and simple design strategy that guides the discovery of diamond-like semiconductors (DLSs) with wide regions of optical transparency, high laser damage threshold, and efficient second-order optical nonlinearity. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction was used to solve and refine the crystal structures of Li2MnGeS4 and Li2CoSnS4, which crystallize in the noncentrosymmetric space groups Pna21 and Pn, respectively. Synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction (SXRPD) was used to assess the phase purity, and diffuse reflectance UV–vis–NIR spectroscopy was used to estimate the bandgaps of Li2MnGeS4 (Eg = 3.069(3) eV) and Li2CoSnS4 (Eg = 2.421(3) eV). In comparison with Li2FeGeS4, Li2FeSnS4, and Li2CoSnS4 DLSs, Li2MnGeS4 exhibits the widest region of optical transparency (0.60–25 μm) and phase matchability (≥1.6 μm). All four of the DLSs exhibit second-harmonic generation and are compared with the benchmark NLO material, AgGaSe2. Most remarkably, Li2MnGeS4 does not undergo two- or three-photon absorption upon exposure to a fundamental Nd:YAG beam (λ = 1.064 μm) and exhibits a laser damage threshold > 16 GW/cm2.
Brant, J. A., Clark, D. J., Kim, Y. S., Jang, J. I., Weiland, A., & Aitken, J. A. (2015). Outstanding Laser Damage Threshold in Li2MnGeS4 and Tunable Optical Nonlinearity in Diamond-Like Semiconductors. Inorganic Chemistry, 54, (6), 2809 - 2819. https://doi.org/10.1021/ic502981r. Retrieved from https://nsuworks.nova.edu/cnso_chemphys_facarticles/171