Bacterial Artificial Chromosome, Bacterial Artificial Chromosome Clone, Rice Chromosome, Bacterial Artificial Chromosome Library, Oryza Species
Background: With the completion of the genome sequence for rice (Oryza sativa L.), the focus of rice genomics research has shifted to the comparison of the rice genome with genomes of other species for gene cloning, breeding, and evolutionary studies. The genus Oryza includes 23 species that shared a common ancestor 8–10 million years ago making this an ideal model for investigations into the processes underlying domestication, as many of the Oryza species are still undergoing domestication. This study integrates high-throughput, hybridization-based markers with BAC end sequence and fingerprint data to construct physical maps of rice chromosome 1 orthologues in two wild Oryza species. Similar studies were undertaken in Sorghum bicolor, a species which diverged from cultivated rice 40–50 million years ago. Results: Overgo markers, in conjunction with fingerprint and BAC end sequence data, were used to build sequence ready BAC contigs for two wild Oryza species. The markers drove contig merges to construct physical maps syntenic to rice chromosome 1 in the wild species and provided evidence for at least one rearrangement on chromosome 1 of the O. sativa versus Oryza officinalis comparative map. When rice overgos were aligned to available S. bicolor sequence, 29% of the overgos aligned with three or fewer mismatches; of these, 41% gave positive hybridization signals. Overgo hybridization patterns supported colinearity of loci in regions of sorghum chromosome 3 and rice chromosome 1 and Published: 08 August 2006 BMC Genomics 2006, 7:199 doi:10.1186/1471-2164-7-199 Received: 05 May 2006 Accepted: 08 August 2006 This article is available from: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2164/7/199 © 2006 Hass-Jacobus et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. BMC Genomics 2006, 7:199 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2164/7/199 Page 2 of 16 (page number not for citation purposes) suggested that a possible genomic inversion occurred in this syntenic region in one of the two genomes after the divergence of S. bicolor and O. sativa. Conclusion: The results of this study emphasize the importance of identifying conserved sequences in the reference sequence when designing overgo probes in order for those probes to hybridize successfully in distantly related species. As interspecific markers, overgos can be used successfully to construct physical maps in species which diverged less than 8 million years ago, and can be used in a more limited fashion to examine colinearity among species which diverged as much as 40 million years ago. Additionally, overgos are able to provide evidence of genomic rearrangements in comparative physical mapping studies.
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Hass-Jacobus, Barbara L.; Montona Futrell-Griggs; Brian Abernathy; Rick Westerman; Jose-Luis Goicoechea; Joshua Stein; Patricia Klein; Bonnie Hurwitz; Bin Zhou; Fariborz Rakhshan; Abhijit Sanyal; Navdeep Gill; Jer-Young Lin; Jason G. Walling; Mei Zhong Luo; Jetty Siva S Ammiraju; Dave Kudrna; Hye Ran Kim; Doreen Ware; Rod A. Wing; Phillip San Miguel; and Scott A. Jackson. 2006. "Integration of Hybridization-based Markers (Overgos) Into Physical Maps for Comparative and Evolutionary Explorations in the Genus Oryza and in Sorghum." BMC Genomics 7, (): 199. doi:https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-7-199.