Primary cultures of human colon cancer as a model to study cancer stem cells
5-Fu, Cancer stem cells, CD133, Colon cancer, Drug resistance, Oct4
The principal cause of death in cancer involves tumor progression and metastasis. Since only a small proportion of the primary tumor cells, cancer stem cells (CSCs), which are the most aggressive, have the capacity to metastasize and display properties of stem cells, it is imperative to characterize the gene expression of diagnostic markers and to evaluate the drug sensitivity in the CSCs themselves. Here, we have examined the key genes that are involved in the progression of colorectal cancer and are expressed in cancer stem cells. Primary cultures of colorectal cancer cells from a patient’s tumors were studied using the flow cytometry and cytological methods. We have evaluated the clinical and stem cell marker expression in these cells, their resistance to 5-fluorouracil and irinotecan, and the ability of cells to form tumors in mice. The data shows the role of stem cell marker Oct4 in the resistance of primary colorectal cancer tumor cells to 5-fluorouracil.
Koshkin, Sergey; Anna Danilova; Grigory Raskin; Nikolai Petrov; Olga Bajenova; Stephen J. O’Brien; Alexey Tomilin; and Elena Tolkunova. 2016. "Primary cultures of human colon cancer as a model to study cancer stem cells." Tumor Biology 37, (9): 12833-12842. doi:10.1007/s13277-016-5214-8.