The genome-wide analysis of carcinoembryonic antigen signaling by colorectal cancer cells using RNA sequencing
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA, CEACAM5, CD66) is a promoter of metastasis in epithelial cancers that is widely used as a prognostic clinical marker of metastasis. The aim of this study is to identify the network of genes that are associated with CEA-induced colorectal cancer liver metastasis. We compared the genome-wide transcriptomic profiles of CEA positive (MIP101 clone 8) and CEA negative (MIP 101) colorectal cancer cell lines with different metastatic potential in vivo. The CEA-producing cells displayed quantitative changes in the level of expression for 100 genes (over-expressed or down-regulated). They were confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR. The KEGG pathway analysis identified 4 significantly enriched pathways: cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, MAPK signaling pathway, TGF-beta signaling pathway and pyrimidine metabolism. Our results suggest that CEA production by colorectal cancer cells triggers colorectal cancer progression by inducing the epithelial-mesenchymal transition, increasing tumor cell invasiveness into the surrounding tissues and suppressing stress and apoptotic signaling. The novel gene expression distinctions establish the relationships between the existing cancer markers and implicate new potential biomarkers for colorectal cancer hepatic metastasis.
Bajenova, Olga; Anna Gorbunova; Igor Evsyukov; Michael Rayko; Svetlana Gapon; Ekaterina Bozhokina; Alexander Shishkin; and Stephen J. O'Brien. 2016. "The genome-wide analysis of carcinoembryonic antigen signaling by colorectal cancer cells using RNA sequencing." PLoS ONE 11, (9). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0161256.