CD4 binding site antibodies inhibit human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) gp120 envelope glycoprotein interaction with CCR5
Journal of Virology
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp120 exterior glycoprotein is conformationally flexible. Upon binding the host cell receptor, CD4, gp120 assumes a conformation that is able to bind the chemokine receptors CCR5 or CXCR4, which act as coreceptors for the virus. CD4-binding-site (CD4BS) antibodies are neutralizing antibodies elicited during natural infection that are directed against gp120 epitopes that overlap the binding site for CD4. Recent studies (S. H. Xiang et al., J. Virol. 76:9888-9899, 2002) suggest that CD4BS antibodies recognize conformations of gp120 distinct from the CD4-bound conformation. This predicts that the binding of CD4BS antibodies will inhibit chemokine receptor binding. Here, we show that Fab fragments and complete immunoglobulin molecules of CD4BS antibodies inhibit CD4-independent gp120 binding to CCR5 and cell-cell fusion mediated by CD4-independent HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins. These results are consistent with a model in which the binding of CD4BS antibodies limits the ability of gp120 to assume a conformation required for coreceptor binding.
Raja, Aarti; Venturi Miro; Kwong Peter; and J. Sodroski. 2003. "CD4 binding site antibodies inhibit human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) gp120 envelope glycoprotein interaction with CCR5." Journal of Virology 77, (): 713-718. https://nsuworks.nova.edu/cnso_bio_facarticles/101