Title

ICD-10-CM Implementation Strategies: An Application of the Technology Acceptance Model

Location

3034

Format Type

Paper

Format Type

Paper

Start Date

January 2016

End Date

January 2016

Abstract

The United States is one of the last countries to transition to the 10th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) coding system. The move from the 35-year-old system, ICD-9, to ICD-10, represents a milestone in the transformation of the 21st century healthcare industry. All covered healthcare entities are mandated to use the ICD-10 system by October 1, 2015, to justify medical necessity, an essential component in determining whether a service is payable or not. Yet, more than 70% of healthcare organizations identified concerns related to education efforts, including lack of best practices for the ICD-10 transition. Lack of preparation for the implementation of ICD-10 undermines the clinical, technological, operational, and financial processes of healthcare organizations. This study was an exploration of implementation strategies used to overcome barriers to transition to ICD-10. The research question was used to learn how to mitigate barriers to transition to the new coding system. A qualitative single case study was conducted, grounded by the conceptual framework of the technology acceptance model. Data were gathered from the review of documents, observations, and semistructured interviews from 9 participants of a public healthcare organization in Florida. Collected data were coded to identify themes. Key themes that emerged from the study included (a) in-depth ICD-10 training, (b) the prevalence ICD-10 cheat sheets, (c) lack of system readiness, and (d) perception of usefulness of job performance. The results of the study may contribute to social change by identifying successful implementation strategies to mitigate operational disruptions that will allow providers to capture more detailed health information about the severity of patients’ conditions.

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ICD-10-CM Implementation Strategies: An Application of the Technology Acceptance Model

3034

The United States is one of the last countries to transition to the 10th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) coding system. The move from the 35-year-old system, ICD-9, to ICD-10, represents a milestone in the transformation of the 21st century healthcare industry. All covered healthcare entities are mandated to use the ICD-10 system by October 1, 2015, to justify medical necessity, an essential component in determining whether a service is payable or not. Yet, more than 70% of healthcare organizations identified concerns related to education efforts, including lack of best practices for the ICD-10 transition. Lack of preparation for the implementation of ICD-10 undermines the clinical, technological, operational, and financial processes of healthcare organizations. This study was an exploration of implementation strategies used to overcome barriers to transition to ICD-10. The research question was used to learn how to mitigate barriers to transition to the new coding system. A qualitative single case study was conducted, grounded by the conceptual framework of the technology acceptance model. Data were gathered from the review of documents, observations, and semistructured interviews from 9 participants of a public healthcare organization in Florida. Collected data were coded to identify themes. Key themes that emerged from the study included (a) in-depth ICD-10 training, (b) the prevalence ICD-10 cheat sheets, (c) lack of system readiness, and (d) perception of usefulness of job performance. The results of the study may contribute to social change by identifying successful implementation strategies to mitigate operational disruptions that will allow providers to capture more detailed health information about the severity of patients’ conditions.