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Abstract

This meta-synthesis explored the effect of bridging programs on internationally educated nurses (IENs). Eight papers that met the inclusion criteria were selected for this review. There were 437 participants from eight studies who come from different parts of the globe and who settled in either Australia, Canada, New Zealand, or the United Kingdom. Using a grounded theory approach for data analysis, four effects of bridging programs on IENs were identified. These are: (a) the concepts from the regulatory body, the client-centred care; (b) do something better for us, for our future; (c) we have to learn English; and, (d) faculty, program coordinator and preceptors that were willing to work with them. These effects were defined and explored in light of the study samples selected for this study.

Keywords

Internationally Educated Nurses, IENs, Effects of Bridging Programs, Bridging, Meta-Synthesis

Author Bio(s)

Edward Venzon Cruz, RN, MScN, PhD (DentSc) is Professor in the School of Community and Health Studies at Centennial College, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. He is pursuing a PhD in Adult Education and Community Development at the University of Toronto - Ontario Institute for the Studies in Education. Correspondence regarding this article can be addressed directly to: evcruz888@hotmail.com.

Rhea Faye Felicilda-Reynaldo, RN, EdD is an Associate Professor in the School of Nursing at Missouri State University, Springfield, Missouri, USA. Correspondence regarding this article can also be addressed directly to: fayefelicilda@missouristate.edu.

C. Patricia Mazzotta, RN, MScN is PhD (Nursing) Student at the University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, and a Professor in the School of Community and Health Studies at Centennial College, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Correspondence regarding this article can also be addressed directly to: pmazzotta@centennialcollege.ca.

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the guidance provided by Dr. Alexander Clark from the University of Alberta, Canada in conceptualizing this study. We also acknowledge the contributions of Ms. Linda Slater, Librarian at the University of Alberta, for her assistance in developing the search strategy for this study, and Ms. Jessica Bennett, Librarian at the Missouri State University for updating the search.

Publication Date

4-17-2017

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License.

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