The purpose of this research study was to develop a theoretical framework to explain the psychosocial process of care initiation in individuals living with HIV, and to identify the critical junctures that influence individuals living with HIV in their decision to initiate HIV care. Grounded theory method was used to identify the psychosocial process of care initiation by individuals living with HIV. Thirty individuals living with HIV (28 men, 2 women) shared their stories about initiating HIV care. Participants described a process in which they progressed through five distinct stages following diagnosis: a) receiving the news, b) interpreting the news, c) incorporating the news, d) acting on the news, and e) moving beyond the news. Each stage was moderated by influential factors including perceived susceptibility to HIV infection, symptoms, HIV information, and feedback from others. The participants were able to translate the news, from something bad into something good, as demonstrated in the constructed framework: “Translating the News: A Grounded Theory of HIV Care Initiation” A key to successful care initiation is helping individuals with HIV to realize that while the diagnosis may seem like bad news, there is also good news: HIV is not a death sentence
Grounded Theory, HIV, Care Initiation, HIV Treatment, HIV Care, HIV Care Initiation
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Recommended APA Citation
Perazzo, J., Martsolf, D., Pritchard, T., & Tehan, R. (2015). Translating the News: A Grounded Theory of Care Initiation by Individuals Living with HIV. The Qualitative Report, 20(9), 1499-1526. Retrieved from http://nsuworks.nova.edu/tqr/vol20/iss9/14