CAHSS Faculty Articles

Title

The Causes of Islamic Fundamentalism: A Quantitative Analysis

Department

Department of Conflict Resolution Studies

Publication Date

5-1-2012

Publication Title

Peace and Conflict Studies

ISSN or ISBN

2346-7258

Volume

19

Issue

1

First Page

121

Last Page

148

Abstract

Islamic fundamentalist movements are inherently anti-system social movements. An anti-system social movement is designed to criticize governmental institutions and the political mainstream while mobilizing disaffected individuals against the existing sociopolitical and socioeconomic institutions. What is lacking in the mindset of many Western politicians, practitioners, the media, and the general public is a basic understanding of Islamic fundamentalism; specifically, the causes. This is the first quantitative analysis of potential causes of Islamic fundamentalism. I have created a unique data set that contains every Islamic fundamentalist group that is or has been in operation from 1970 through 2008. This fundamentalist data set has a total number of 16,072 fundamentalist movements. I will utilize the negative binomial fixed effects regression model and a comparison of each independent variable’s effect on the number of fundamentalist movements by looking at each independent variable’s minimum, mean, and maximum score.

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