CAHSS Faculty Articles

Title

Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Gay Neighborhood Residence

Department

Department of Family Therapy; Department of Justice and Human Services

Publication Date

9-4-2012

Publication Title

American Journal of Men's Health

ISSN or ISBN

1557-9883

Volume

7

Issue

2

First Page

108

Last Page

116

Abstract

Using a sample of 482 ethnically diverse current substance using men who have sex with men who reported recent unprotected anal intercourse, this study compared health risk behaviors-substance use and sexual HIV risk-and one health protective factor-prosocial activities-between men who live in a gay neighborhood and those who do not. Data are drawn from comprehensive health and social risk assessments administered in South Florida. In a multivariate logistic regression model, methamphetamine use, high rates of receptive unprotected anal intercourse, and lower levels of prosocial engagement were found to be risk factors associated with gay neighborhood residence. Compared with living elsewhere, gay neighborhood residence appeared to be protective against cocaine use and substance dependence. Implications of the findings for prevention interventions are discussed, as is the need for further research regarding decisions about neighborhood residence and how neighborhood risk and protective factors emerge and are sustained.

DOI

10.1177/1557988312458793