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Abstract

Suicide is a major public health concern within the United States. Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death for all age groups and the second leading cause of death among young adults aged 15-35. This literature review examines the increase of suicide death rates in young adults age 15-35, specifically young adult minority groups. African American, American Indian, Asian American and Hispanic American have unique occupational challenges that led to the act of suicide. In this review various protective and risk factors are examined to determine the best intervention and prevention measures required to address the epidemic of young adult minorities committing suicide. When healthcare professionals embrace a doing, being, becoming, and belonging frame of reference, utilize an occupational lens and implement the principles of Occupational Perspectives of Health (OPH), suicides can be averted. Creating interventions that emphasize the diversity of risk factors across young adult minority groups can help dispel the myth that suicides occur without warning.

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