Theses and Dissertations

Copyright Statement

All rights reserved. This publication is intended for use solely by faculty, students, and staff of Nova Southeastern University. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, now known or later developed, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author or the publisher.

Defense Date

1992

Document Type

Thesis - NSU Access Only

Degree Name

M.S. Ocean Science

Department

Oceanographic Center

First Advisor

Roger Reep

Second Advisor

Richard Dodge

Third Advisor

Curtis Burney

Abstract

The Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) inhabits a unique aquatic niche. Adaptations to this niche include obligate herbivory, low metabolic rate, large body size, and supernumerary teeth. Consequences of these adaptations are, cold intolerance, low population rate of increase, and range restrictions. Manatee life history traits also have influenced brain evolution.

In the past, examination of only gross anatomical brain structures in manatee brains have led to the fallacy that manatee brains are poorly developed. In order to answer questions about the internal structure of the Florida manatee brain, cerebral isocortex, caudal to the lateral fissure, of the manatee brain was examined and its cytoarchitecture documented. It was found that the manatee brain is surprisingly complex. Cell counts and cortical thickness were measured in the manatee and other aquatic mammals in order to better understand the manatee’s place in brain evolution. Although manatees possess a small brain size relative to body size and a lissencephalic but unusually thick cerebral cortex, there is a high percentage of cerebral cortex to brain volume, and a highly organized cytoarchitecture which is differentiated into numerous cortical areas. Manatee brain characteristics appear to be on the same evolutionary adaptive level as dolphin brain characteristics.

Functions for cortical areas defined in this study and in previous studies are suggested. However, due to the lack of electrophysiological data on manatees and a detailed examination of the manatee thalamus, functional assignments should be considered as preliminary contingent upon further study.

Files over 10MB may be slow to open. For best results, right-click and select "Save as..."

To access this thesis/dissertation you must have a valid nova.edu OR mynsu.nova.edu email address and create an account for NSUWorks.

Free My Thesis

If you are the author of this work and would like to grant permission to make it openly accessible to all, please click the Free My Thesis button.

Share

COinS