Molecular Phylogeny of Mitochondrial Cytochrome b and 12S rRNA Sequences in the Felidae: Ocelot and Domestic Cat Lineages
Amino acid sequence, Animals, Base sequence, Carnivora/classification, Carnivora/genetics, Cats/classification, Cats/genetics, Cytochrome b group/classification, Cytochrome b group/genetics, DNA, Molecular evolution, Mitochondria/genetics, Molecular sequence data, Phylogeny, Polymerase chain reaction, RNA/genetics, RNA ribosomal/classification, RNA ribosomal/genetics
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Molecular phylogeny of the cat family Felidae is derived using two mitochondrial genes, cytochrome b and 12S rRNA. Phylogenetic methods of weighted maximum parsimony and minimum evolution estimated by neighbor-joining are employed to reconstruct topologies among 20 extant felid species. Sequence analyses of 363 bp of cytochrome b and 376 bp of the 12S rRNA genes yielded average pair-wise similarity values between felids ranging from 94 to 99% and from 85 to 99%, respectively. Phylogenetic reconstruction supports more recent, intralineage associations but fails to completely resolve interlineage relationships. Both genes produce a monophyletic group of Felis species but vary in the placement of the pallas cat. The ocelot lineage represents an early divergence within the Felidae, with strong associations between ocelot and margay, Geoffroy's cat and kodkod, and pampas cat and tigrina. Implications of the relative recency of felid evolution, presence of ancestral polymorphisms, and influence of outgroups in placement of the topological root are discussed.
Masuda, R., J. V. Lopez, J. P. Slattery, N. Yuhki, and S. J. O'Brien. 1996. "Molecular phylogeny of mitochondrial cytochrome b and 12S rRNA sequences in the Felidae: ocelot and domestic cat lineages." Mol Phylogenet Evol no. 6 (3):351-65. doi: 10.1006/mpev.1996.0085.