When I began researching female genital mutilation (hereinafter "FGM"), I was adamant about change for those who are forced to submit to FGM, those who allow the practice to be performed on themselves or, afortiori, to perform it themselves on their own children and other family members.
Hess, Julie R.
"United States And Africa On FGM: Cultural Comparatives, Resolutions, And Rights,"
ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law: Vol. 10
, Article 2.
Available at: http://nsuworks.nova.edu/ilsajournal/vol10/iss3/2